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Hypoxic-Anoxic Brain Injury

Introduction & Definition

The brain requires a constant flow of oxygen to function normally. A hypoxic-anoxic injury, also known as HAI, occurs when that flow is disrupted, essentially starving the brain and preventing it from performing vital biochemical processes. Hypoxic refers to a partial lack of oxygen; anoxic means a total lack. In general, the more complete the deprivation, the more severe the harm to the brain and the greater the consequences.

Huntington's Disease

Definition

Huntington’s Disease (HD), also called Huntington’s chorea, is an inherited brain disorder that results in loss of physical control and mental capacity. Symptoms typically appear between the ages of 30 and 50, but may appear earlier or later. HD is characterized by progressive physical, cognitive and psychological deterioration.

Opciones para el final de la vida: RCP y ONR (CPR & DNR)

Introducción

Opciones para el final de la vida: los tubos de alimentacio y los respiradores (Feeding Tubes and Ventilators)

Las familias que cuidan a un paciente crónico posiblemente tengan que enfrentarse a decisiones muy difíciles con respecto al tratamiento médico de su ser querido. Según avanzan ciertas enfermedades—la enfermedad de Alzheimer, la enfermedad de Parkinson y la esclerosis lateral amiotrófica (ELA) como secuela de un accidente cerebrovascular—éstas pueden conducir a dos de las más frecuentes de esas decisiones: si se debe utilizar un tubo de alimentación cuando el paciente crónico ya no puede masticar y tragar la comida, y si debe usarse un respirador cuando ya no puede respirar por sí mismo.

Opciones de la comunidad para el cuidado del paciente (Community Care Options)

Como cuidador, es posible que tenga que ayudar a su ser querido en una amplia gama de actividades, como bañarse, vestirse, cocinar y comer. Además, tal vez tenga que atender también problemas jurídicos y financieros, tales como tomar las decisiones de atención médica, pagar las facturas, administrar las inversiones y llevar el presupuesto. Afortunadamente, hay numerosos servicios de cuidado en la comunidad que podrán ayudarles a usted y a su ser querido.

Incidence and Prevalence of the Major Causes of Brain Impairment

Overview

Many of the diseases and disorders that affect the brain are progressive and their incidence and prevalence increase with age. Caring for those with adult-onset brain impairments frequently becomes a 24-hour, 7-day a week role. As the population ages, the need for care and for understanding the impact of these disorders on families becomes even more pressing.

Side-by-Side Comparison of Family Caregiver Prevalence Studies

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Dementia, Driving and California State Law

Driving and Dementia

Hiring In-Home Help

Introduction


Most family caregivers reach a point when they realize they need help at home. Tell-tale signs include recognizing that your loved one requires constant supervision and/or assistance with everyday activities, such as bathing and dressing. Caregivers also find that certain housekeeping routines and regular errands are accomplished with great difficulty or are left undone. It may become apparent that in order to take care of any business outside the home, more than one caregiver is required.

End-of-Life Decision-Making

Introduction

Americans are a people who plan. We plan everything: our schedules, our careers and work projects, our weddings and vacations, our retirements. Many of us plan for the disposition of our estates after we die. The one area that most of us avoid planning is the end of our life. Yet, if we don't plan, if we don't at least think about it and share our ideas with those we love, others take over at the very time when we are most vulnerable, most in need of understanding and comfort, and most longing for dignity.

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