Legal Issues

預先制定醫療護理指示及 POLST (Advanced Health Care Directives and POLST - Chinese)

預先制定醫療護理指示及POLST

「預先制定醫療護理指示」(AHCD) 是指您指定某人(醫療護理代理人、授權代理人、委託人或代理人)在您不能表達自己意願時為您做決定,也稱為「醫療護理永久授權書」、「自然死亡法案」、「醫生指示」或「生前遺囑」。(生前遺囑在不同地方有稍為不同的定義,請查看您所在州承認的定義。)所有州都承認AHCD,但各州法律不同,因此各有不同的表格。

預先制定醫療護理指示

它有何作用

  • 在您不能表達自己意願時,您指定的人擁有合法權力,可以為您做出醫療護理決定
  • 您可以針對不能表達自己意願的所有情況,制定具體的未來醫療護理書面指示
  • 只要您能做決定,則您自己負責醫療護理決定,除非您另有其他表明
  • 根據法律規定,醫生和您的代理人有義務遵循您的醫療護理指示

您的代理人有權

Directivas anticipadas de atención médica y POLST (Advanced Health Care Directives and POLST)

La Advanced Health Care Directive (AHCD, Directiva anticipada de atención médica) le permite designar a una persona (agente de atención médica, apoderado, representante o sustituto) para que tome una decisión por usted en caso de que usted no pueda hablar por sí mismo. También se denomina “Poder notarial perdurable para la atención médica”, “Ley de muerte natural”, “Directiva para médicos” o “Testamento vital”. (El testamento vital es ligeramente diferente; consulte qué se reconoce en su estado).

Legal Planning for Incapacity

As you face aging and the need to make plans for your future, you face having to make legal decisions about many aspects of your lives. These legal decisions not only protect you from others doing things you might not like to you, they also protect family and loved ones by giving them guidance in the care that you would like to receive. After completing all the legal paperwork, the next step is to sit down and talk to family about the decisions you have made and why.

Finding an Attorney to Help with Estate Planning

Before you or a loved one is faced with a life limiting illness or cognitive impairment, it is important to have completed the legal paperwork necessary for estate planning.  Unfortunately, this often not the case, and family is trying to get the necessary legal documents completed under difficult circumstances, such as cognitive impairment, where someone is no longer able to manage his/her affairs or a medical crisis.

Conservatorship and Guardianship

When someone is no longer able to handle his or her own financial or personal affairs, the court can appoint an individual or professional to act on behalf of the incapacitated person.  When a minor child is involved, it is generally called a guardianship.  When an adult needs someone, it is called a conservatorship.  However, states define these terms differently and you need to consult an attorney in your state to determine what the law is.

Advanced Health Care Directives and POLST

The Advanced Health Care Directive (ADHC) allows you to appoint someone (health care agent, attorney-in-fact, proxy or surrogate) to make a decision for you if you can not speak for yourself.  It is also called the Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care,  Natural Death Act, Directive to Physicians or a Living Will. (The living will is slightly different; check on what is recognized in your state.) Every state recognizes the ADHC, but states have their own forms, as laws vary from state to state.

Making Decisions: What Are Your Important Papers?

As you face aging and the need to make plans for your future, you face having to make decisions about many aspects of your lives.  These legal and health care decisions not only protect you from others making decisions for your care that you do not want, they also protect family and loved ones by giving them guidance in the care that you would like to receive.  After completing all the legal paperwork, the next step is to sit down and talk to family about the decisions you have made and why.

Poderes de Duración Indeterminada y Fideicomisos en Vida Revocables (Durable Powers of Attorney)

Hay distintos instrumentos legales que pueden contribuir a la administración de los bienes materiales y de la atención médica cuando una persona queda incapacitada. A continuación analizaremos tres de ellos: el poder de duración indeterminada, el poder de duración indeterminada para fines de atención médica y los fideicomisos en vida revocables. En vista de que la legislación varía de un estado a otro, al buscar ayuda para la planificación legal se debe consultar con un abogado conocedor de la materia de gestión sucesorio y patrimonial.

정상 생활이 불가능한 시기를 계획할 때 제기되는 법률 문제 (Legal Issues in Planning for Incapacity)

The following Fact Sheet is available as downloadable PDF document. To view and print this file you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader. It is available as a free download by clicking here.

Personal Care Agreements

 

Personal Care Agreements:

How to Compensate a Family Member for Providing Care

 

Introduction

Many families reach a point when they recognize that an ill or older relative needs help. There are usually warning signs: difficulty with daily activities; memory problems; trouble with banking and finances; multiple falls; problems with driving; forgetting medications. Sometimes an elderly or ill loved one needs more than occasional assistance?they need full-time care.

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